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Demographics

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Should I Stay or Should I Go?

Residents of the United States are mobile. They move for all sorts of reasons, including work, weather, and quality of life. However, there are some cities that people choose to stay in for a long time. 

 
Someone filling out a form.        Row of apartment buildings.        A group of people.

Census Mail Return Rates for Counties

For the 2010 Census, the overall final national mail return rate was 79.3 percent. But the rate, the most commonly used metric for measuring participation in the Census, varied significantly across the country.

City Renter Population Data

Renter populations in select cities have increased in comparison to their respective owner-occupied housing populations.

The States Americans are Moving To

Florida had the net highest number of domestic migrants in 2018. Newcomers from New York, Georgia, and Texas led the way in relocating to the Sunshine State. 

Economy and Finance

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Housing Affordability

We have compiled data reported by Zillow estimating changes in housing affordability over time. Higher index values shown represent less affordable housing for households earning the monthly median income.

 
People working at desks. Bills and coins. Busy sidewalk.

Industry and Occupation by Age

U.S. employed workers were a median of about 42 years old in 2018, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

U.S. Personal Consumption Expenditures

This map shows the 2017 to 2018 change in personal consumption expenditures by state.

Prime Working-Age Population by County

Many jurisdictions across the country are experiencing aging populations as a large segment of Baby Boomers continue to retire.

Education

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Group of college students.
 

Educational Attainment Data for Metro Areas

Across the country, educational attainment gradually climbed in recent years. In particular, The Census Bureau reported a sharp increase in those earning master's and doctorate degrees over the past decade.

 
Mortarboards. Playground. Stack of books.

What is the Best Degree for Millennials? Anything in Public Service

Millennials have been described in many ways, but no one can deny their lust for social change and betterment. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics, tracking the number of persons completing degrees in the public service, shows this to be true.

Public School Revenue Sources by State

The sources of funding for elementary and secondary education varies from state to state.

U.S. Public Library Performance

Public libraries are central to the social and educational culture of communities throughout the United States. However, their institutional status in our communities may cause many to overlook what they do and how they do it. 

Public Service and Government

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Prison cells.
  

State Rates of Imprisonment: 1978-2017

State incarceration rates were a fairly stable phenomenon until the 1970s, at which point incarceration rates began to skyrocket, peaking in 2008. These increases in incarceration occurred simultaneously with rising state crime rates, but continued unabated as crime rates leveled-off in the 1990s. 

 
Stacks of paper.        Prison cells.       

Federal Employment Totals by State

There were approximately 2.8 million federal employees nationwide in 2018, according to the Labor Department. The U.S. Postal Service — a quasi-public entity — employs about 600,000 workers, more than any other federal agency.

State Prison Overcrowding and Capacity Data

Prison overcrowding has become a growing social problem in the United States as state incarceration rates increased from the 1970s, peaking in 2008.