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Crowded apartment buildings.

Population Density by City

There is a large variation in population density across the country. In general, jurisidictions in the Northeast tend to have the highest densities.
Someone filling out a form.        Row of apartment buildings.        A group of people.

2010 Census Mail Return Rates for Counties

For the 2010 Census, the overall final national mail return rate was 79.3 percent. But the rate, the most commonly used metric for measuring participation in the Census, varied significantly across the country.

City Renter Population Data

Renter populations in select cities have increased in comparison to their respective owner-occupied housing populations.

The States Americans are Moving To

Florida had the net highest number of domestic migrants in 2018. Newcomers from New York, Georgia, and Texas led the way in relocating to the Sunshine State. 

Economy and Finance

Row of houses

Housing Affordability

We have compiled data reported by Zillow estimating changes in housing affordability over time. Higher index values shown represent less affordable housing for households earning the monthly median income.

People working at desks. Bills and coins. Busy sidewalk.

Industry and Occupation by Age

U.S. employed workers were a median of about 42 years old in 2018, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

U.S. Personal Consumption Expenditures

This map shows the 2017 to 2018 change in personal consumption expenditures by state.

Prime Working-Age Population by County

Many jurisdictions across the country are experiencing aging populations as a large segment of Baby Boomers continue to retire.


Group of students.

School Enrollment of 3- and 4-Year-Olds by State and Race

About one-half of all children ages 3 and 4 years are enrolled in school, mostly in preschool, according to the latest Department of Education statistics. Enrollment varies significantly by state, from an estimated 27.5% in North Dakota to 66.3% in Connecticut.

Mortarboards. Playground. Group of college students.

What is the Best Degree for Millennials? Anything in Public Service

Millennials have been described in many ways, but no one can deny their lust for social change and betterment. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics, tracking the number of persons completing degrees in the public service, shows this to be true.

Public School Revenue Sources by State

The sources of funding for elementary and secondary education varies from state to state.

Educational Attainment Data for Metro Areas

Across the country, educational attainment gradually climbed in recent years. In particular, The Census Bureau reported a sharp increase in those earning master's and doctorate degrees over the past decade.

Public Service and Government

Prison cells.

State Rates of Imprisonment: 1978-2017

State incarceration rates were a fairly stable phenomenon until the 1970s, at which point incarceration rates began to skyrocket, peaking in 2008. These increases in incarceration occurred simultaneously with rising state crime rates, but continued unabated as crime rates leveled-off in the 1990s. 

Stacks of paper.        Prison cells.        US flag and money

Federal Employment Totals by State

There were approximately 2.8 million federal employees nationwide in 2018, according to the Labor Department. The U.S. Postal Service — a quasi-public entity — employs about 600,000 workers, more than any other federal agency.

State Prison Overcrowding and Capacity Data

Prison overcrowding has become a growing social problem in the United States as state incarceration rates increased from the 1970s, peaking in 2008. 

Federal Funding for State Governments

States receive funding from the federal government. Montana and Wyoming were most reliant on the federal government for general fund revenues.



Commute Times

Explore commute times and modes of transportation for metro areas in the United States.