1. Intercultural Competence
• The capacity of people to understand and interact effectively and successfully with others who differ in cultural beliefs, behaviors, values, and worldview. They recognize that their worldview is only one of many ways to understand and experience the world. Communicate this understanding with peers, and encourage peers to develop this competence.**
2. Consciousness of Self
• The ability to be aware of behavior, beliefs, values, attitudes, and emotions. An understanding of strengths and areas that need improvement and the ability to articulate the role these personal attributes play in working with others. Assist peers in this self-awareness.*
3. Interpersonal Communication Skills
• The ability to assist others as they explore issues related to personal and academic challenges. Understanding and respecting personal feelings and experiences and assisting others in seeing possible solutions or outcomes by entering an interpersonal relationship that focuses on listening and assisting a student in the self-exploration process.**
4. Problem Solving
• It is a peer educator’s role to be involved in helping peers clarify problems and identify strategies for resolving the problem. Additionally, peer educators should be skilled at articulating the transferability of these strategies to other aspects of life. The role is to help students solve the problems, not solve them yourself.
• Collaboration is working with others to achieve a common goal by sharing responsibility, authority, and accountability. It increases group potential by capitalizing on multiple talents and perspectives. Collaboration is a commitment to building relationships with others in order to reach mutual goals. Communicate this understanding with peers.*
6. Student Development/Peer Impact Understanding
• Understanding peer impact on development requires identification of the process of growth through gradual changes in self perception, interactions with others, and process of decision making. Developing knowledge of how role modeling and providing the appropriate levels of challenge and support in the role as a peer educator can assist students in making adjustments and demonstrating successful growth. **
7. Campus Resource Knowledge
• Gain an understanding of how student affairs offices, academic services, faculty members, community members, and other businesses are sources of information and aid for students. Communicate this understanding with peers.
8. Academic Success Strategies/Knowledge
• Introduce concepts of an effective study system that a peer educator models through practice and provide a framework for integrating a student’s behaviors, attitudes, and learning styles into an efficient and effective system of study for an individual. **
*Adapted from: A Social Change Model of Leadership Development Guidebook: Version III (1996), the Higher Education Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles.
**Adapted from: Ender, S. and Newton, F. Students Helping Students. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000.