Borat and Anti-Semitism

By William Closson James
Department of Religious Studies
Queen’s University at Kingston, Canada


1. Dick, Hannah. “Diasporic Entities, Destabilized Identities: Taking Borat’s ‘Cultural Learnings’ Seriously,” a paper presented to the Canadian Society for the Study of Religion and to the Canadian Theological Society, Saskatoon, SK, May 2007.

2. From “The Tonight Show with Jay Leno,” included among the Special Features of the DVD version of Borat (2007).

3. Strauss, Neil. "The Man Behind the Mustache." Rolling Stone Web Site , 14 November 2006.

4. Strauss.

5. Strauss.

6. Produced and directed by Robert Gardner. A United Way Production. 30 Minutes.

7. Aron Heller, Aron. "In Israel, moviegoers speak Borat’s language," Boston Globe Web Site , 15 December 2006,

8. Strauss.

9. Wiesel, Eli. "The Perils of Indifference." American Rhetoric Web Site. Speech delivered 19 April 1999.

10. “Sacha Baron Cohen: An Unexpected Hero (Jewish).”

11. Charles Krauthammer, Charles."Just an Anti-Semitic Laugh? Hardly." Washington Post Web Site, 24 November 2006.

12. Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. New York: Vintage Books, 1997, p.41.

13. Anti-Defamation League. "Statement On The Comedy Of Sacha Baron Cohen, A.K.A. Borat." ADL Web Site, 28 September 2006.

14.Rosenbaum, Ron. "Not Very Nice. The Borat movie: They botched the joke." Slate, 2 November 2006.

15. Dargis, Manohla. "Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (2006): From Kazakhstan, Without a Clue." New York Times Web Site, 3 November 2006.

16. Stephens, Martha. The Question of Flannery O'Connor. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973.

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