Any Gods Out There?
Perceptions of Religion from Star Wars and Star Trek

By John S. Schultes

References

I. Print Publications:

Alexander, David.  Star Trek Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry.  1994, New York: NY: Penguin Group.

Champlin, Charles.  George Lucas: The Creative Impulse. 1997, New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams Inc.

Farrand, Phil.  The Nitpicker's Guide for Classic Trekkers.  1994, New York, NY: Dell Publishing.

Galipeau, Steven.  The Journey of Luke Skywalker: An Analysis of Modern Myth and Symbol.  2001, Chicago, ILL: Open Court Press (Carus Publishing Company).

Hanley, Richard. Is Data Human: The Metaphysics of Star Trek.1998, Basic Books.

Kenny, Glenn. Ed., A Galaxy Not So Far Away. 2002, New York, NY: Henry Holt & Co. LLC

Kolker, Robert.  Film, Form, and Culture.  2002, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies.

Pollock, Dale. Skywalking: The Life and Films of George Lucas, Updated Edition.  1999, New York, NY: Da Capo Press.

Richards, Thomas. The Meaning of Star Trek.  1997, New York, NY: Doubleday.

Solow, Herbert F., Justman, Robert H.  Inside Star Trek: The Real Story.  1996, New York, NY: Pocket Books (Simon & Schuster).

Wagner, Jon; and Lundeen, Jan.  Deep Space and Sacred Time: Star Trek in the American Mythos.  1998, Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

II. Multimedia sources:

Feature Films:

By LucasFilm Ltd. & 20th Century Fox

Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, DVD

Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, DVD

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope Special Edition, VHS tape

Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back Special Edition, VHS tape

Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi Special Edition, VHS tape

By Paramount Studios

Star Trek: The Motion Picture Special Edition, DVD

Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, DVD

Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, VHS tape

Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, VHS tape

Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, DVD

Star Trek Generations, DVD

Star Trek First Contact, DVD

Star Trek Insurrection, DVD

Star Trek Nemesis, DVD

Television:

By Paramount Studios

Star Trek (aka: Star Trek: The Original Series aka Star Trek: TOS) series 1966- 1969

Star Trek: The Next Generation (aka: Star Trek: TNG) series 1987-1994

Star Trek: Deep Space 9 (aka: Star Trek: DS9) series 1992-1999

Star Trek: Voyager (aka: Star Trek: VOY aka Star Trek: VGER) series 1995-2001

Enterprise (aka: Star Trek: Enterprise; aka Star Trek: ENT) series 2001-present

III. Online sources:

StarDestroyer.net: Star Wars vs. Star Trek by Michael Wong.

Roger Ebert, Film Critic and award-winning columnist, Chicago Sun-Times

Internet Movie Database, source for official and unofficial information on thousands of films and television shows

Daystrom Institute Technical Library by Graham Kennedy (Star Trek information).

The "Star Wars religion" article by Muriel Verbeeck. Translation: Sylvie Bussers.

Wired Magazine: "Wired Collections: Film & Special Effects: Beyond Star Wars" (interview with George Lucas). Feb. 1997.

IV. Extended Multimedia Information (Source: Internet Movie Database)

Star Trek: The Motion Picture

1979 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Robert Wise (I)   
Writing credits Alan Dean Foster (story), Harold Livingston, Gene Roddenberry   (uncredited) (story)

Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan

1982 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Nicholas Meyer
Writing credits (in credits order): Harve Bennett   (story) and Jack B. Sowards   (story), Jack B. Sowards, Nicholas Meyer   (uncredited)  

Star Trek III: The Search for Spock

1984 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Leonard Nimoy
Writing credits: Harve Bennett   

Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home

1986 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Leonard Nimoy
Writing credits (in credits order): Leonard Nimoy   (story) & Harve Bennett (story), Steve Meerson & Peter Krikes and Harve Bennett & Nicholas Meyer  

Star Trek V: The Final Frontier

1989 Paramount Pictures
Directed by William Shatner
Writing credits (WGA) (in credits order): Gene Roddenberry (television series Star Trek), William Shatner (story) & Harve Bennett (story) & David Loughery (story)< David Loughery  (screenplay) 

Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country

1991 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Nicholas Meyer
Writing credits (WGA) (in credits order): Gene Roddenberry (television series Star Trek), Leonard Nimoy (story) and Lawrence Konner (story) & Mark Rosenthal (I) (story), Nicholas Meyer (screenplay) & Denny Martin Flinn (screenplay)

Star Trek: Generations

1994  Paramount Pictures
Directed by David Carson (I)
Writing credits (WGA) (in credits order): Gene Roddenberry (television series Star Trek), Rick Berman (story) & Ronald D. Moore (story) & Brannon Braga (story), Ronald D. Moore (screenplay) & Brannon Braga (screenplay)  

Star Trek: First Contact

1996 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Jonathan Frakes
Writing credits (WGA) (in credits order): Gene Roddenberry (television series Star Trek), Rick Berman   (story) & Brannon Braga (story) & Ronald D. Moore (story), Brannon Braga  (screenplay) & Ronald D. Moore (screenplay)

Star Trek: Insurrection

1998 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Jonathan Frakes
Writing credits (WGA) (in credits order): Gene Roddenberry (television series Star Trek), Rick Berman (story) & Brannon Braga (story) & Ronald D. Moore (story), Brannon Braga (screenplay) & Ronald D. Moore (screenplay)

Star Trek: Nemesis

2002 Paramount Pictures
Directed by Stuart Baird
Writing credits (WGA): Gene Roddenberry (television series Star Trek), John Logan (I) (story) &  Rick Berman (story) &  Brent Spiner (story), John Logan (I) (screenplay)

Star Wars (aka: Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope)

1977 LucasFilm Limited
Directed by George Lucas
Writing credits: George Lucas   

Empire Strikes Back, The (aka: Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back)

1980 LucasFilm Limited
Directed by Irvin Kershner
Writing credits (in credits order): George Lucas (story), Leigh Brackett and Lawrence Kasdan

Return of the Jedi (aka: Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi)

1983 LucasFilm Limited
Directed by Richard Marquand
Writing credits (in credits order): George Lucas (story), Lawrence Kasdan and George Lucas

Phantom Menace, The - Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace

1999 LucasFilm Limited
Directed by George Lucas
Writing credits: George Lucas  

Attack of the Clones - Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones

2002 LucasFilm Limited
Directed by George Lucas
Writing credits: George Lucas (story), George Lucas (screenplay) and  Jonathan Hales  (screenplay)


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