Angels in the Metroplex:  Hegel, the Apocrypha, and Intertextuality in Der Himmel über Berlin (Wings of Desire)

by Carrol Fry


Notes

1. Kristeva, Julia.  The Kristeva Reader.  Ed. Tori Moi.  New York:  Columbia Univesity Press, 1986. p. 111.

2. Kristeva, Julia.  The Kristeva Reader.  Ed. Tori Moi.  New York:  Columbia Univesity Press, 1986. p. xv.

3.Kristeva, Julia.  Desire in Language: a Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art.  Ed. Leon S. Roudiez.  New York: Columbia University Press. p. 66.

4. Plato.  The Dialogues of Plato.  Trans. Benjamin Jowett.  Vol. 1.  New York:  Random House, 1937. 1: 251ff.

5. Plato.  The Dialogues of Plato.  Trans. Benjamin Jowett.  Vol. 1.  New York:  Random House, 1937. p. 158.

6. Teachings of the Compassionate Buddha, The: Early Discourses, the Dhammapada, and Later Basic Writings.  Trans. E. A. Burtt. New York: 
Mentor, 1991.
p. 30.

7. Mark 8:23.

8. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 730.

9. We also have a Slavonic (written in the first century a.d..) and Jewish (composed in the fifth or sixth century a.d.) Apocalypse of Enoch.

10. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p.19.

11. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 21.

12. Damiel refers to Jacob’s dream (“Genesis,” 33, 24-29) in which he wrestles with an angel, or perhaps God.  The allusion to “tents in the desert” may be to the angels who call upon Lot in “Genesis,” Chapter 19, though the Pentateuch abounds with angelic visitations.  The reference to fishing might be to “Matthew,” 4, 19:  “Follow me and I will make you fishers of men,” but the fish is a pervasive symbol in Christianity.

13. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 105.

14. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 784.

15. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 109.

16. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 39.

17. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 58.

18. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 37.

19. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 110.

20. Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford: Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 39.

21. Hegel, G. W. F. The Philosophy of History.  Trans. J. Sibree.  New York:  Dover Publications, 1956. p. 115.

22. Hegel, G. W. F. The Philosophy of History.  Trans. J. Sibree.  New York:  Dover Publications, 1956. p. 471.

23. Hegel, G. W. F. The Philosophy of History.  Trans. J. Sibree.  New York:  Dover Publications, 1956. p. 40.

24. Hegel, G. W. F. The Philosophy of History.  Trans. J. Sibree.  New York:  Dover Publications, 1956. p. 30.

25. Hegel, G. W. F. The Philosophy of History.  Trans. J. Sibree.  New York:  Dover Publications, 1956. p. 31.

26. Later, Falk tries to interest Cassiel in the joys of sensation and offers a hand, but Cassiel ignores the offer. ZXC

27.Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 109.

28.Hegel, G. W. F.  Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit.  Trans. A. V. Miller.  Oxford:  Oxford University Press,  1977. p. 40.

29. “Excerpts from Interviews with Wenders.” The Cinema of Wim Wenders: Image, Narrative, and the Post Modern Condition.  Ed. Roger Cook and Gerdd Geműden.  Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997. p. 81.


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