In the Kingdom of Men:
Love, Faith and Spirituality in von Trier's Breaking the Waves

By Ingrid Fernandez
Stanford University

Works Cited


Bauman, Zygmunt. Wasted Lives: Modernity and its Outcasts. Malden: Polity Press, 2004.

Cixous, Hélène and Mireille Calle-Gruber. Rootprints : Memory and Life Writing. Trans. by Eric Prenowitz. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Dennett, Daniel C. Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon. New York: Penguin Group, 2006.

Ehman, Robert R. “Personal Love.” Eros, Agape, and Philia: Readings in the Philosophy of Love. Ed. Alan Soble. St. Paul: Paragon House, 1989.

Faber, Alyda. “Redeeming Sexual Violence? A Feminist Reading of Breaking the Waves." Literature & Theology 17:1 (March 2003): 59-75.

Fleming, Chris. René Girard: Violence and Mimesis. Malden: Polity Press, 2004.

Girard, René. The Girard Reader. Ed. James G. Williams. New York: The Crossroad Publishing Company, 2007.

Girard, René. Violence and the Sacred. Trans. by Patrick Gregory. Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1977.

Makarushka, Irena. “Transgressing Goodness in Breaking the Waves.” Journal of Religion and Film 2:1 (April 1998).

Mercadante, Linda. “Bess the Christ Figure?: Theological Interpretations of Breaking the Waves." Journal of Religion and Film 5:1 (April 2001).

Nygren, Anders. “Agape and Eros.” Eros, Agape, and Philia: Readings in the Philosophy of Love. Ed. Alan Soble. St. Paul: Paragon House, 1989.

Pence, Jeffrey. “Cinema of the Sublime: Theorizing the Ineffable.” Poetics Today 25:1 (Spring 2004): 29-66.

Rosenbaum, Jonathan. “Mixed Emotions.” Chicago Reader (Dec. 5, 1996). Available on the World Wide Web at: http://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/mixed-emotions/Content?oid=892246.

Von Trier, Lars. Breaking the Waves. London: Faber and Faber, 1996.

Von Trier, Lars. Trier on Von Trier. Ed. Neil Smith. London: Faber and Faber, 1999.


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