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Performance INformation Gateway
Performance INformation Gateway

Data Sources and Definitions for UNO Key Performance Indicators

Data Sources

All data are from the IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database. The Delta Cost Project data were assembled to make data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) more readily usable for longitudinal analyses. Currently spanning the period from 1987 through 2010, it has a total of 202,800 observations on 932 variables derived from the institutional characteristics, finance, enrollment, completions, graduation rates, student financial aid, and human resources IPEDS survey components and a limited number of outside sources.

The maintenance and hosting of the IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database was taken over by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) in 2012. The database was originally created by the Delta Cost Project (an independent, nonprofit organization) in 2007. For a detailed history of the development of the database under the Delta Cost Project, which covers the 1987-2009 period, please refer to its location on the NCES website: http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/deltacostproject/download/DCP_History_Documentation.pdf.

The Delta Cost Project database has been posted online in two parts for easier downloading; the first part contains the file for the 1987-1999 academic years and the second for the 2000-2010 academic years. These files are intended to be merged together to create the full 1987-2010 database. For additional information on the 1987-2010 database, see the document at: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2012/2012823.pdf.

NCES allows certain institutions ("parent institutions") to report data for branch campuses or other affiliated institutions ("child institutions ") for various IPEDS surveys. Parent institutions may have one or more child institutions and these parent/child relationships may differ over time and/or by survey. At some point in the past, UNO was treated as a child institution for IPEDS reporting purposes. The result was that some IPEDS data for UNO was reported with UNL as the parent institution. Fortunately, separate UNL and UNO data for all Delta Cost Project indicators are available through the Trends in College Spending (TCS) Online for the academic years spanning the 2004-2009 time period. Separate UNO and UNL data for 2010. 2011 and sometimes 2012 were obtained from IPEDS reporting surveys provided by the campuses. UNK data were obtained from the IPEDS Analytics: Delta Cost Project Database for 2004-2010, with 2011 and 2012 data drawn from IPEDS reporting surveys made available by UNK.

Time Period Covered

Data for all 20 Key Performance Indicators were available for the academic years during the 2004-2010 time period. UNO, UNL and UNK data were available for the 2011 and, in some cases, 2012 academic years. Key Performance Indicators are reported by year. The 2004 data are for the fall 2003-2004 Academic Year covering fall 2003 through spring 2004 period. Likewise, 2012 data are for the 2011-2012 academic year ending in the spring 2012 semester.

Inflation Adjustments and Reporting Units

To facilitate comparisons over time, all financial data were adjusted for inflation. Most financial indicators were available for UNO, UNL and UNK through 2011, thus all financial data are reported in 2011 dollars. The Urban-CPI was used for all inflation adjustments.

In addition, most variables have been standardized to allow useful comparisons. In most cases, data are expressed per FTE (full-time equivalent) student. In a few cases, data have been standardized as a percentage of a selected cohort (e.g., percent of entering freshmen retained in the following fall semester) or as a percentage of enrolled students.

Comparison Institutions

In addition to showing the trend for UNO, each KPI chart shows the trend for two sets of peer institutions. One is the official Board of Regents Peer Institutions for UNO. This includes 10 institutions: Cleveland State University; Northern Illinois University; Portland State University; University of Arkansas at Little Rock; University of Colorado at Denver; University of Missouri at St. Louis; University of North Carolina at Charlotte; University of Northern Iowa; University of Texas at San Antonio; and Wichita State University.

The second set of comparison institutions shown in each KPI chart includes 10 urban universities which are members of the Coalition of Urban and Metropolitan Universities (CUMU). Seven of these institutions overlap the official BOR Peer group. The CUMU Peer group includes: Cleveland State University; Indiana University-Purdue University-Indianapolis; Oakland University; Portland State University; University of Arkansas at Little Rock; University of Missouri-Kansas City; University of Missouri-St. Louis; University of North Carolina at Charlotte; University of Texas at San Antonio; and Wichita State University.

In addition to averages for the two sets of peers, data can also be displayed for UNL, UNK, as well as the three 4-year campuses of the University of Nebraska: UNK, UNL and UNO.

Definitions

Resources

Total State and Local Appropriations Per FTE Student:
The total amount of revenue from state and local appropriations. State appropriations are revenues received by the institution through acts of a state legislative body (except grants and contracts and capital appropriations). Funds reported in this category are for meeting current operating expenses, not for specific projects or programs. Local appropriations are revenues from appropriations by a governmental entity below the state level.

Net Tuition Per FTE Student:
Net tuition revenue is the amount of money the institution takes in from students (including fees) net of all institutional grant aid provided.

Total Revenues All Sources Per FTE Student:
Total revenue is the sum of net tuition; federal, state, and local appropriations, grants, and contracts; private gifts, grants, and contracts; investment return; endowment income; auxiliaries; hospitals; and other independent operations.

Net Change in State/Local Appropriations and Net Tuition Per FTE Student:
Year-to-year change in the sum of State/Local Appropriations plus Net tuition.

Expenditures

Instructional Expenditures Per FTE Student:
Includes expenses of the colleges, schools, departments, and other instructional divisions of the institution and expenses for departmental research and public service that are not separately budgeted. Includes general academic instruction, occupational and vocational instruction, community education, preparatory and adult basic education, and regular, special, and extension sessions. Also includes expenses for both credit and non-credit activities. Excludes expenses for academic administration where the primary function is administration (e.g., academic deans). Information technology expenses related to instructional activities are included if the institution separately budgets and expenses information technology resources (otherwise these expenses are included in academic support).

Student Services Expenditures Per FTE Student:
Includes expenses for admissions, registrar activities, and activities whose primary purpose is to contribute to student's emotional and physical well-being and to their intellectual, cultural, and social development outside the context of the formal instructional program. Examples include student activities, cultural events, student newspapers, intramural athletics, student organizations, supplemental instruction outside the normal administration, and student records. Intercollegiate athletics and student health services may also be included except when operated as self - supporting auxiliary enterprises. Also may include information technology expenses related to student service activities if the institution separately budgets and expenses information technology resources (otherwise these expenses are included in institutional support.).

Total Education and Related Expenditures Per FTE Student:
Total spending on direct educational costs. Education and related expenses includes spending on instruction, student services, and the education share of spending on academic support, institutional support, and operations and maintenance (i.e. "overhead").

Total Education and Related Expenditures Per Degree Awarded:
A measure of spending on direct educational costs per degree (in contrast to cost per student enrolled); calculated as the total education and related expenses (for all students) divided by all degrees (undergraduate, graduate, and professional) awarded in that year.

Research and Economic Impact

Total Research Appropriations and Grants Per FTE Student:
The total amount of revenue coming from federal appropriations, grants, and contracts. Federal appropriations are revenues received by the institution through acts of a federal legislative body. Federal, state, and local grants and contracts are revenues from governmental agencies that are for training programs, research, or public service activities for which expenditures are reimbursable under the terms of a government grant or contract. Excludes Pell grants.

Research Expenditures Per FTE Student:
Includes expenses for activities commissioned by an outside agency specifically organized to produce research outcomes. These research activities - either external to the institution or separately budgeted by an organizational unit within the institution - include institutes and research centers, and individual and project research. This function does not include non-research sponsored programs (e.g., training programs). Also included are information technology expenses related to research activities if the institution separately budgets and expenses information technology resources (otherwise these expenses are included in academic support.)

Public Service Expenditures Per FTE Student:
Includes expenses for activities established primarily to provide non-instructional services beneficial to individuals and groups external to the institution. Examples are conferences, institutes, general advisory service, reference bureaus, and similar services provided to particular sectors of the community. This function includes expenses for community services, cooperative extension services, and public broadcasting services. Also includes information technology expenses related to the public service activities if the institution separately budgets and expenses information technology resources (otherwise these expenses are included in academic support).

Total Graduate Headcount Enrollment:
The total number of graduate and first professional students enrolled based on the fall enrollment survey.

Affordability and Student Opportunity

In-State Tuition and Fees Per FTE Undergraduate Student:
Sometimes called "sticker price", this is the published amount of money that covers tuition and required fees for in-state full-time undergraduate students.

Scholarships and Fellowships Per FTE Student:
Expenditures associated with unrestricted scholarships and fellowships.

Total Minority Enrollment Percentage of Total Enrollment:
Total enrollment of American Indian, Asian, Black and Hispanic students as a percentage of total headcount enrollments.

Total Underrepresented Minority Enrollment Percentage of Total Enrollment:
Total enrollment of American Indian, Black and Hispanic students as a percentage of total headcount enrollments.

Student Success

Retention of First-Time Freshmen:
The percent of the previous year's fall first-time full-time freshman cohort (minus exclusions) that re-enrolled at the institution as either full-time or part-time the following fall.

Timeliness of Degree Completion: Percent Graduating Within 6 Years:
Percentage of full-time, first-time, degree/certificate-seeking undergraduate students graduating within 150 percent of normal time.

Total Degrees Awarded:
The total number of degrees conferred by a college, university, or other postsecondary education institution as official recognition for the successful completion of a program of studies.

Total Degrees Awarded Per 100 FTE Students:
The total number of degrees granted per 100 full time equivalent students enrolled.