[HOME] [TEST 1 ANSWERS] [UNIT 1 HISTOLOGY]

BIOLOGY 2740 - HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY AND ANATOMY
PRACTICE TEST 1

Multiple Choice. Choose the best answer.

I . The term "anatomy" is derived from:

A. Latin B. Anglo-Saxon C. Persian D. French E. None of the preceding.

2. The activities of an histologist consist of ___ whereas those of a physiologist consist of ___

A. conducting experiments / making microscopic observations
B. studying the structure of normal tissue / studying the structure of abnormal tissue
C. studying chemical molecules / observing forms of the body
D. studying the structure of normal tissues / studying the functions of body structures
E. none of the above.

3. Which of the following is not true of the anatomical position?

A. The subject is standing erect
B. arms at the side with the palms directed backwards
C. feet parallel to each other and flat on the floor
D. the subject's eyes are looking forward
E. all the preceding statements are correct

4. What is the pH of a solution whose hydrogen ion concentration is 0.00001?

A. 6
B. 5
C. 4
D. 10
E. 4.5

5. The cubital fossa is located in the:

A. lower extremity B. thorax C. upper extremity D. neck E. sphenoid bone.

6. Which of the following is classified as a monosaccharide?

A. sucrose B. glycogen C. glucose D. lactose E. starch.

7. If a strand of DNA molecule contained the base sequence T,T,G,C,A,G the complementary DNA strand would contain:

A. U,U,C,G,T,C
B. A,A,C,G,T,C
C. A,A,C,G,U,C
D. C,C,T,A,U,T
E. U,U,G,C,U,C

8. A parietal membrane-------whereas a visceral membrane-----

A. covers organs / lines cavities
B. secretes mucus / secretes a serous fluid
C. lines cavities / covers organs
D. secretes a serous fluid / secretes mucus
E. two of the above.

MATCH EACH ORGANELLE WITH THE APPROPRIATE STATEMENT.
(Note: Items A through E may be used more than once.)

A. Ribosome B. cell membrane C. endoplasmic reticulum (ER) D. lysosome E. mitochondrion.

9. May be attached to ER, or free in the cytoplasm
10. Membranous sac of digestive enzymes
11. Regulates passage of material into and out of the cell
12. Contains cristae
13. Usually described as a fluid-mosaic model
14. Plays an important role in autophagy
15. Contains DNA, can move and reproduce
16. The appearance may be rough or smooth
17. Made up of interconnected tubules

SELECT THE MOST APPROPRIATE TERM FOR THE FOLLOWING:
(Note: Items A through E may be used more than once.)

A. distal B. superior C. proximal D. anterior E. lateral.

18. The wrist is-----to the elbow.
19. The elbow is-----to the shoulder.
20. The nasal cavity is-----to the oral cavity.
21. The knee is-----to the ankle.
22. The ankle is-----to the knee.
23. The heart is----to the vertebral column.
24. The right eye is-----to the bridge of the
25. The left eye is-----to the bridge of the nose.
26. The forehead is-----to the bridge of the nose.

TRUE OR FALSE: TRUE = A FALSE = B.

27. When a red blood cell swells it has undergone cremation.
28. The term homeostasis refers to the maintenance of a relatively stable external environment.
29. Goblet cells may be classified as unicellular glands.
30. Growth of a tissue due to increase in cell size is called hypertrophy.
31. A long bone contains one epiphysis and two diaphyses
32. Keratinocytes produce a brownish-black pigment called melanin.
33. Coenzymes are organic molecules that are derived from water-soluable vitamins.
34. Anaerobic respiration does not require oxygen.
35. Steroid hormones are produced by cells in the gonads.
36. Glucose enters cells by a process called facilitated diffusion.
37. Anabolic metabolism requires energy.

Multiple Choice. Choose the best answer.

38. In the abdominal area, the region inferior to the umbilical region is called the

A. epigastric region
B. right hypochondriac region
C. hypogastric region
D. left hypochondriac region
E. none of the preceding.

39. As a result of mitosis, each new cell has:

A. twice as many chromosomes as its parent cell
B. half as many chromosomes as its parent cell
C. four times as many chromosomes as its parent cell
D. the same number of chromosomes as its parent cell
E. none of the above.

40. Shafts of hair are composed of:

A. dead dermal cells
B. living epidermal cells
C. dead epidermal cells
D. living dermal cells
E. none of the preceding.

41. The hormone calcitonin:

A. lowers blood calcium levels
B. is produced by the parathyroid glands
C. increases blood calcium levels
D. answers A and B
E. answers B and C

42. Cells placed in an isotonic solution will:

A. shrink B. swell C. neither swell nor shrink.

43. Ciliated epithelium that is destroyed by disease would cause malfunction of the:

A. digestive system
B. respiratory system
C. urinary system
D. circulatory system
E. none of the preceding.

44. Reticular connective tissue is found within the:

A. spleen B. liver C. lymph nodes D. all of the preceding.

45. The structure that contracts to cause "goose bumps" in the skin, is the:

A. dermal papilla B. arrector pili C. sebaceous gland D. hair follicle E. eccrine gland

46. Which suture extends from the anterolateral fontanel to the anterior fontanel?

A. coronal B. sagittal C. squamosal D. lambdoidal E. longitudinal.

47. The singular form of phalanges :

A. phalangis B. phalanx C. phalanis D. phalans E. none of the preceding.

48. The pituitary gland is located in the:

A. sphenoidal sinus
B. glenoid fossa
C. crista galli
D. supraspinous fossa
E. none of the preceding

MATCHING: MUSCLE CELLS. (Note: Letters may be used more than once.)

A. Skeletal muscle cells. B. Cardiac muscle cells. C. Both A and B. D. Neither A nor B.

49. Cells are striated
50. Cells are multinucleated
51. Involuntary muscle cells
52. Cells develop cilia
53. Cells located in lacunae
54. Cells found in the wall of the intestine and ureter
55. Cells form branching structures
56. Cells form intercalated discs

MATCH EACH SKELETAL REGION ( A OR B) WITH AN APPROPRIATE BONE. (Note: Items A an B may be used more than once.)

A. APPENDICULAR SKELETON B. AXIAL SKELETON

57. Scapula.
58. Os coxa.
59. Hyoid bone.
60. Femur.
61. Ear ossicles.
62. Vertebrae.
63. Cranial bones.
64. Tarsal bones.
65. Ribs.
66. Humerus.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER.

67. Elastic connective tissue is found within:

A. the outer ear B. the liver C. tendon D. walls of large arteries E. smooth muscle cells.

68. Which of the following is not a cranial bone?

A. occipital B. temporal C. zygomatic D. frontal E. parietal.

69. Which of the following bones does not contain one or more air sinuses?

A. occipital B. frontal C. sphenoid D. ethmoid; E. maxilla.

MATCH EACH TISSUE TYPE WITH THE APPROPRIATE LOCATION. (Note: Items A through E may be used more than once.)

A. Hyaline cartilage
B. Transitional epithelium
C. Stratified, nonkeratinized squamous epithelium
D. Nonciliated, columnar epithelium
E. Fibrocartilage

70. Lining the lumen (=internal cavity) of the urinary bladder
71. Symphysis pubis
72. Extremity of the nose
73. Ends of the long bones
74. Lining the lumen of the stomach
75. Lining the lumen of the vagina
76. Lining the lumen of the ureter
77. Intervertebral discs
78. Lining the lumen of the esophagus
79. Lining the lumen of the intestine
80. In the wall of the trachea
81. A portion of the ribs

MULTIPLE CHOICE. CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER.

82. Parathyroid hormone:

A. is produced by the thyroid gland
B. is derived from vitamin D3
C. is a steroid hormone
D. increases blood calcium levels
E. two of the preceding.

83. The secondary curvatures of the vertebral column are the:

A. cervical and lumbar
B. thoracic and lumbar
C. cervical and pelvic
D. thoracic and pelvic
E. cervical and thoracic

84. Which is true for a holocrine gland?

A. it is a multicellular gland
B. the secretion and a small part of the cell are discharged
C. only the secretion is discharged (= exocytosis)
D. the secretion and the entire cell are discharged
E. answers A and D

85. The odontoid process (=dens) is part of the:

A. atlas B. sacrum C. occipital bone D. mandible E. none of the preceding.

86. The science or study of the skin or integument is called:

A. myology B. dermatology C. germatology D. coriology E. histology.

FROM THE LIST OF BONES, MATCH THE CORRECT STRUCTURE OR FORAMEN THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH IT.

A. temporal bone B. mandible C. sphenoid bone D. ethmoid bone E. occipital bone.

87. Crista galli
88. Coronoid process
89. Mastoid process
90. Foramen magnum
91. Condyloid process
92. Cribriform plate
93. Notch
94. Styloid process
95. Sella turcic.
96. Mental foramen

TRUE OR FALSE: TRUE= A, FALSE B

97. The paranasal sinuses connect directly to the oral cavity and are prone to infection
98. The hyoid bone does not attach directly to any other bone
99. The basic building blocks of proteins are amino acids
100. The total number of fontanels in the newborn's skull is four: the anterior, posterior, anterolateral and posterolateral fontanels

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This page was last updated in August, 1997.

Author: Sherri Wick, Coordinator and Instructor - Anatomy and Physiology Laboratories
University of Nebraska at Omaha
Allwine Hall 211E, 554-2343
swick@cwis.unomaha.edu